Right from the historic times roads have been an integral part
of human beings. The importance of roads have increased with development
of civilization and increase in the number of vehicles. However,
in recent times we find that the number of road accidents are increasing
causing severe loss of life and property. Hence, there is an urgent
need to educate road users to avoid accidents. In this leaflet,
some important tips on road safety are given for observation by
all road users.
Drive only if you are competent enough
A person must drive a vehicles only if he is competent enough
to drive it.
- Drive only if you are a competent driver with a valid license.
- If You are not competent enough, than learn driving in an authorised
driving training school.
- Learn driving on roads only during morning hours when traffic
is low and never during busy hours.
Be Familiar With Road Markings
For smooth movement and disciplined traffic, some roads are provided
with different markings of which you should be aware. These markings
are done in white and yellow colours. So, be aware of these markings
Road Driving Lines:
These markings are done to divide a road, not divided by elevated
dividers, into two parts.
These are marked sometimes by single yellow lines and sometimes
by double yellow lines in the centre of the road.
As per rule, you should always drive in the left side of the road.
Lane Markings :
These markings are done by white dotted lines and divide the road
or part of the road in different lanes.
Stick to your lane and change it only as per rules.
Stop Lines :
These lines are marked in white before traffic lights and zebra
Always stop before the stop line if the light is yellow or red.
Turning Lines :
These lines in arrow from and painted in white indicate left or
right turn or straight drive.
Lane Driving for Safety
The best way to be safe on the roads :
- Stick to your lane.
- Wherever available, bicycle riders and pedestrians should use
bicycle tracks and foot paths.
- On multi-lane roads there are separate lanes for different vehicles
and the drivers should stick to these lanes.
- Change your lanes only if you have to overtake some other vehicles
or take right turn.
While overtaking, a driver must take the following
- Check behind on your right and if there is no vehicle approaching
you, move to the right side of your lane.
- Keep a following distance sufficient enough to permit acceleration,
signal right and move ahead of the vehicle you have to overtake.
- After securing sufficient distance from the overtaken vehicle,
signal left and change direction gently.
- Never overtake a vehicle from left.
- Never overtake a vehicle which is already overtaking some other
- Follow rules 1 and 2 for right turn.
Learn to Negotiate a Roundabout
Most of the towns and city roads of our country have by and large,
crossings. However, there are several roundabouts in our country
where there are no traffic lights. Drivers are expected to negotiate
them according to their prudence. Apart from beautification, these
roundabouts facilitate smooth flow of traffic. So while negotiating
a roundabout, follow these rules.
- While approaching a roundabout, fix your direction and slow
- Take left lane for a left turn. Use central and right lane only
for going straight and taking a right turn.
- Give appropriate signal by hand or through indicator, before
taking a turn.
- Do not use horns unnecessarily.
- Always give way to the vehicles on your right.
Know Road Signs and Honour Them
For a smooth movement of traffic, certain road signs have been
given which must be followed for safe driving.
There are three types of road signs :
- Mandatory road signs that are circular with one or two bars.
- Cautionary road signs that are triangular.
- Informatory road signs that are square shaped or rectangular.
For a safe driving, Cautionary road signs are as important as Mandatory
signs. You can distinguish these signs through their designs. Follow
these signs for a safe and smooth journey.
Understand Traffic Lights and Signals - Be Safe
Traffic lights and signals are the language of the road. Be well
acquainted with them, and act accordingly, you will be safe. Not
following them can put you and other road users in danger. Therefore,
understand the meaning of traffic lights and signs.
Traffic Lights :
There are three colours in traffic lights.
- Red light means mandatory stop.
- Yellow light warns you and tells you to prepare for halt, never
try to cross the intersection when the light is yellow.
- Green means proceed ahead slowly after ensuring that no vehicle
Traffic Signals :
All drivers must understand the signals of traffic constables
and fellow drivers and honour them. Drivers must understand the
stop, move, left turn, right turn, go straight or slow down signals
of the traffic constable and fellow drivers on the road and act
Drivers must understand the stop, move, left turn, right turn,
go straight or slow down signals of the traffic constable and fellow
drivers on the road and act accordingly.
Driving Up A Hill
Driving in hilly areas is a testing time even for seasoned drivers
since the topography of hills is extremely different from those
of the plains. Hence, while driving in a hilly terrain, you must
keep following points in mind :
- Never overload your vehicle as it can be taxing for your vehicle
and can put extra load on steering.
- The roads in hilly areas are generally narrow and at many places
traffic flows from both directions. Always allow a heavier vehicle
or up going vehicle to pass by - down coming vehicles should provide
enough room for ascending vehicles.
- In case of rain, snowfall, landslide or gravel falling situation,
stop your vehicle near some wide patch of the road where hills
- Do not drive in hilly areas during night hours unless you are
in an emergency.
- Approaching a turn, slow down your vehicle to the level of
halt, use horn and then move slowly.
Driving during nights are extremely different from day driving
and most of the accidents take place during nights.
This is because : Most of the city roads, except highways have
lesser movement of traffic. Drivers indulge in over speeding and
red light jumping etc. causing accidents. The visibility during
nights become less and may lead to accidents.
Hence, while driving during nights you must follow the following
- Do not indulge in over speeding.
- Honour all traffic signals and signs.
- Keep your headlights on but use dipper to see and be seen.
- Two wheeler drivers, cyclists and pedestrians must use light
coloured clothes during night to be seen clearly
- Do not look at the headlight of an oncoming vehicle.
- While parking your vehicle during night, make sure that parking
lights are on.
Follow Them Too
Besides above conditions, there are several circumstances when
a driver is required to react to the situations on the road. So
follow them also.
- Always allow fire brigade, ambulance and police vehicle to pass.
- Never lit a cigarette while driving or going for refueling at
- Never alight from your car on the road side.
- Allow non-motorised vehicles to pass by as they can not accelerate
their speed or maneuver swiftly.
- Always help pedestrians, handicapped and children in their movement
on the road.
- Never blow your horn unnecessarily. Use it as an emergency device.
- Do not carry inflammable materials in your vehicles as they
can cause loss of life and property in case of accidents.